New research concludes that smoking a pipe increases the risk of cancer, heart disease, and stroke, the BBC reported June 2.
For the study, researchers examined the medical records of 138,000 men, of whom 15,263 smoked a pipe.
The study found that pipe smoking is just as harmful as smoking a cigar. In addition to increasing the risk of heart disease, stroke, and chronic lung disease, smoking a pipe can cause colon, oesophagus, larynx, lung oropharynx, and pancreas cancers.
“All tobacco products cause excessive morbidity and mortality,” the researchers wrote. “Comprehensively documenting the deleterious health effects of pipe smoking is important in countering efforts by the tobacco industry to promote pipes as a desirable alternative to cigarettes or cigars.”
The study’s findings are published in the June 2 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.